JOACHIM, JOSEPH (1831–1907), violinist. Born in Kittsee (Kopczeny), Joachim moved with his family to Budapest where his musical education began at the age of five. He gave his first concert at seven and at nine he was taken to Vienna to study with Hellmesberger and Boehm. At 12 he went on to Leipzig, where his studies were supervised and fostered by felix mendelssohn , ferdinand david , and Moritz Hauptmann. From 1849 to 1854 he was concertmaster of Liszt's orchestra at Weimar, and from 1854 to 1864, concertmaster and conductor of the Royal Hanoverian Orchestra. He finally settled in Berlin in 1866 as director of the newly founded Hochschule fuer Musik. There he also founded the Joachim Quartet which became the leading quartet in Europe. His pedagogical talent attracted a great number of pupils, among whom were leopold auer , Jenő Hubay, and tivadar nachez . Joachim's concert activity in Europe and England continued steadily throughout his career. Although he eschewed the character and role of a "traveling virtuoso," he became, at an early age, the most notable violinist of his generation (and its most distinguished teacher): an artist in whom technique, taste, intellect, and emotion were combined to a rare degree. His interpretation of the Beethoven Violin Concerto, for example, was considered definitive. He also re-edited Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in conformity with the original manuscript; revived the works of Tartini; and established in the repertoire Bach's works for solo violin in their original form, without the accompaniments added by 19th-century "improvers." Joachim's friendships with the great composers and performers of his time are an important factor in the history of music in the 19th century, especially his association with Mendelssohn, Liszt, Robert Schumann, Clara Schumann, and Brahms. Joachim introduced the young Brahms to Liszt, and arranged the fateful meeting between Schumann and Brahms in 1853. Of his own compositions, which include works for violin and orchestra, violin and piano, and songs, only the Violin Concerto op. 11 ("Hungarian") survived. His cadenzas for the Beethoven and Brahms concertos, however, are still performed. He also wrote a violin method with A. Moser. Although Joachim had converted to Protestantism in 1855, his decision to resign from the Hanoverian service was finally brought about in 1864, when the violinist J.M. Gruen was refused tenure as a Jew (a principle which had not been observed in Joachim's case). Joachim tendered his resignation on the grounds that he "would never be able to surmount the purely personal feeling of having been enabled through my earlier conversion… to enjoy worldly advantages in the Royal Hanoverian Orchestra while the members of my race occupy a humiliating position there." His Hebraeische Melodien for viola and piano, op. 9 (1854), were inspired mainly by Schumann's enthusiasm for Byron's poems. Although Wagner thought that Joachim's break from the Liszt-Wagner circle in 1857 was due to the republication at that time of Das Judentum in der Musik in Wagner's name (it had first been published anonymously in 1850), the break was undoubtedly caused by musical considerations. Hundreds of works were dedicated to Joachim, including the Schumann, Brahms, Dvorak and Bruch (nos. 1 and 3) violin concertos, Liszt's Hungarian Rhapsody no. 12, and Schumann's Fourth Symphony (second version, 1853). Joachim's grandnieces, the sisters Adila Fachiri (d'Aranyi, 1888–1962) and Jelly E. d'Aranyi (1895–1966), were well-known violinists. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Moser, Joseph Joachim (Ger., 19043); J. Joachim and A. Moser (eds.), Briefe von und an Joseph Joachim, 3 vols. (1911–13); MGG, incl. bibl.; Riemann-Gurlitt, incl. bibl.; Baker, Biog Dict, incl. bibl.; Grove, Dict, incl. bibl. (Bathja Bayer)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joachim, Joseph — born June 28, 1831, Kittsee, near Pressburg, Austria Hungary died Aug. 15, 1907, Berlin, German Empire Austro Hungarian violinist. A prodigy, he began study as a child in Pest, continuing later in Vienna and Leipzig, where he was associated with… …   Universalium

  • Joachim, Joseph — (1831–1907)    German violinist. Joachim gave his first public recital at the age of seven, and became a leading European violinist and teacher and conductor of the Royal Hanoverian Orchestra. The Joachim Quartet was internationally renowned …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Joachim, Joseph — (1831 1907)    German violinist of Hungarian origin. He was born in Kopcseny and moved with his family to Budapest. He studied under Felix Mendelssohn, and later led Liszt s orchestra at Weimar. From 1854 to 1864 he was concertmaster and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Joachim, Joseph — (28 jun. 1831, Kittsee, cerca de Pressburg, Austria Hungría–15 ago. 1907, Berlín, Imperio alemán). Violinista austrohúngaro. Niño prodigio del violín, comenzó sus estudios en Pest, y los continuó posteriormente en Viena y Leipzig, donde se asoció …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joachim,Joseph — Jo·a·chim (yōʹä KHĭm, yō äʹ ), Joseph. 1831 1907. Hungarian violinist and composer. His compositions include violin concertos and an overture to Hamlet. * * * …   Universalium

  • JOACHIM, JOSEPH —    a distinguished violinist, born near Presburg, in Hungary; famous as a youthful prodigy; was encouraged by Mendelssohn; has visited London every year since 1844, and has been principal leader in the Monday and Saturday Popular Concerts from… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Joachim-Joseph d’Estaing — de Saillains (* 1654 in Ravel; † 13. April 1742 in Saint Flour) war von 1693 bis 1742 Bischof von Saint Flour. Leben Joachim Joseph d’Estaing wurde 1652 oder 1654 auf dem Schloss Ravel geboren; er war der Sohn von Jean d’Estaing, Marquis von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joachim-Joseph d'Estaing — Joseph d’Estaing du Saillant du Terrail, né au château de Ravel en 1654 et mort à Saint Flour le 13 avril 1742 fut évêque de Saint Flour. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Iconographie 3 Références …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Joachim — (June 28, 1831 ndash; August 15, 1907) (IPAEng|ˈjoʊɑːxɪːm) was a Hungarian violinist, conductor, composer and teacher. He is regarded as one of the most influential violinists of all time.LifeOriginsJoseph Joachim was born in Kittsee (Kopčany /… …   Wikipedia

  • Joachim-Quartett — Joseph Joachim Joseph Joachim (* 28. Juni 1831 in Kittsee bei Pressburg, † 15. August 1907 in Berlin) war ein österreich ungarischer Violinist, Dirigent und Komponist. Inhal …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.